Team DiFCom (Diversity and Functionning of Communities)

University of Bordeaux,
Bat. B2, allée G. St-Hilaire, CS50023
F-33615 Pessac Cedex, France

Brief description

UMR BIOGECO (FR) is a Joint Research Unit between the National Institute of Agronomic Research (INRA) and the University of Bordeaux. It aims at elucidating mechanisms shaping biological diversity in terrestrial ecosystems from genes, individual species and populations, up to communities. Its research teams are organized in 3 axis: (1) Responses of populations and communities to global changes; (2) Functions and services related to biodiversity, and (3) Conservation and restauration of populations and communities. BIOGECO has extensive experience in Ecological engineering and remediation of ecological functions in line with ecosystem services such as biomass production for the Bio-economy on degraded and contaminated land, gained under EU projects (Sumatecs, Greenland, INTENSE, Begin). It provides tools to assess land remediation and pollutant linkages, ecological functions in line with provisioning and regulation services (including biomass production), and biotic interactions. It has access to 5 phytomanaged field trials with various plant assemblies and ecosystem trajectories (grassland, short rotation coppices, tree plantations, high yielding crops, and perennial grasses) and various scenarios (e.g. phytomanagement/remediation of brownfields, restoration of biodiversity and grassland on degraded land). BIOGECO offers lab-based ecological, biogeochemical, and genomic analyses, mesocosms, climatic chambers to model global change, and greenhouse facilities. BIOGECO collaborates with SMEs on the use of biomass for the Bio-economy.
Within the PhytoSUDOE project, BIOGECO manages 2 field sites (a former wood preservative site and an urban brownfield at a former harbor site) and has access to other contaminated sites in France. Various phytomanagement options (e.g. willow and poplar short rotation coppices, perennial grasses, grassland, and high yielding crops) are implemented to evaluate the performances of plant assemblages on metal(loid) availability and ecological functions (since 2006), in line with biodiversity and ecosystem services.